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Fluid Power Engineering
Pelton, senior production supervisor; and Jeff Weeks, senior art director. I would also like to thank Arushi Chawla, project manager, and her team at International Typesetting and Composition; Michael McGee for copy editing; Broccoli Information Management for creating the index; Constance Larker for proofreading; and R Donnelley for printing and binding. God created the first and most wonderful hydraulic system.
This pump feeds a piping network stretching more than ,0 km.
It operates continuously for a very paarker time, mostly maintenance free. It is the human blood circulatory system. By the age of 50 years, the hearts of 10 men should have pumped a volume of blood equaling that of the great Egyptian pyramid 2,0 m3.
As for the hydraulic power systems developed by man, hidraullica history started practically years ago. InBlaise Pascal published the fundamental law of hydrostatics: By the middle of the nineteenth century, fluid power started playing an important role in both the industrial and civil fields.
In Apsotila, for example, many cities had central industrial hydraulic distribution networks, supplied by pumps driven by steam engines. Before hidarulica universal adoption of electricity, hydraulic power was a sizable competitor to other energy sources in London. The London Hydraulic Power Company generated hydraulic power for everything from dock cranes and bridges to lifts in private households in Kensington and Mayfair.
As a power source. However, as electricity became cheaper and electronically powered equipment grew increasingly sophisticated, so industry and private citizens began to abandon hydraulic power. High-pressure fluid power systems were put into practical application inwhen Harry Vickers developed the balanced vane pump. Today, fluid power systems dominate most of the engineering fields, partially or totally. Power systems are used to transmit and control power. This function is illustrated by Fig.
The following are the basic parts of a power system. Source of hidraluica, delivering mechanical power of rotary motion. Electric motors and internal combustion engines ICE are the most commonly used power sources.
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For special applications, steam turbines, gas turbines, or hydraulic turbines are used. In engineering applications, there exist different types of power systems: The mechanical power systems use mechanical elements to transmit and control the mechanical power.
The drive train of a small car is a typical example of a mechanical power system see Fig. The gearbox 3 is connected to the engine 1 through the clutch 2. Its output shaft 4 turns at different speeds, depending on the selected gear trans mission ratio. The power is then transmitted to the wheels 8 through the universal joints 5drive shaft 6and differential 7.
When compared with other power systems, mechanical power systems have advantages such as relatively simple construction, maintenance, and operation, as well as low cost.
However, their power-toweight ratio is minimal, the power transmission distance is too limited, and the flexibility and controllability are poor. Electrical power systems solve the problems of power transmission distance and flexibility, and improve controllability.
These systems offer advantages such as high flexibility and a very long power transmission distance, apoostila they produce mainly rotary motion. Rectilinear motion, of high power, can be obtained by converting the rotary motion into rectilinear motion by using a suitable gear system. However, holding the load position requires a special braking system. Pneumatic systems are power systems using compressed air as a working medium for the power transmission.
Their principle of operation is similar to that of electric power systems. The air compressor converts the parkerr energy of the prime mover into mainly pressure energy of compressed air. This apotila facilitates the transmission and control of power.
An air preparation process is needed to prepare the compressed air for use. The air preparation includes filtration, drying, and the adding of lubricating oil mist. The pneumatic power is controlled by means of a set of pressure, flow, and directional control valves. Then, it is converted to the required mechanical power by means of pneumatic cylinders and motors expanders. The hydraulic power systems transmit mechanical power by increasing the energy of hydraulic liquids.
Two types of hydraulic power systems are used: Hydrodynamic hldraulica called hydrokinetic power systems transmit power by increasing mainly the kinetic energy of liquid.
Generally, these systems include a rotodynamic pump, a turbine, and additional control elements. The applications of hydrodynamic power systems are limited to rotary motion.
Eletropneumática e Eletro-Hidráulica by Freddy Romero on Prezi
These systems replace the classical mechanical transmission in the power stations and vehicles due to their high power-toweight ratio and better controllability. A hydraulic coupling see Fig. It consists of a pump 2driven by the input shaft 1and a turbine 3coupled to the output shaft 4. When the pump impeller rotates, the oil flows to the turbine at high speed. The oil then impacts the turbine blades, where it loses most of the kinetic energy it gained from the pump.
The oil re-circulates in a closed path inside the coupling and the power is transmitted from the input shaft to the output shaft. The input torque is practically equal to the output torque. The torque converter is a hydraulic coupling with one extra component: The stator consists of a series of guide blades attached to the housing.
In the hydrostatic power systems, the power is transmitted by increasing mainly the pressure energy of liquid. These systems are widely used in industry, aposila equipment, aircrafts, hidrauilca control, and others. This text deals with the hydrostatic power systems, which are commonly called hydraulic power systems.
Fluid Power Engineering laio everton row Enviado por: As a power source, 2 Chapter One hydraulic power was cheap, efficient, and easily transmitted through km of underground cast-iron piping. Energy transmission, transformation, and control elements. Load requiring mechanical power of either rotary or linear motion. Tags sistemas hidraulicos malestrom.
Arquivos Semelhantes hidraulica hidraulica.